MOSCOW — Aleksei A. Navalny, Russia’s most outstanding opposition chief, appeared in courtroom on Tuesday at a listening to that would ship him to a prolonged jail time period in a far-flung penal colony for the primary time.
The Russian authorities have signaled that they won’t be swayed by public stress to launch Mr. Navalny, the 44-year-old anticorruption activist. They’ve put a number of of his high allies beneath home arrest, and on Sunday they deployed an enormous police drive in cities throughout Russia to quell protests calling for his freedom.
At Tuesday’s listening to, the courtroom weighed the prosecution’s accusation that Mr. Navalny had violated parole on a three-and-a-half-year suspended jail sentence that he acquired in 2014.
Below the phrases of that sentence, the authorities say he was purported to test in with the jail authorities at the very least twice a month. However he repeatedly failed to take action final 12 months, prosecutors mentioned, together with after being launched from a Berlin hospital in September whereas recovering from an assassination try by poisoning.
In 2014, Mr. Navalny and his brother had been convicted of stealing about $500,000 from two firms, a conviction that the European Courtroom of Human Rights referred to as “arbitrary and manifestly unreasonable.” Mr. Navalny and his allies, together with many unbiased analysts, see his prosecution as an effort by President Vladimir V. Putin to silence his loudest critic.
Mr. Navalny’s associates have mentioned that solely road protests can drive the Kremlin to vary course, and tens of hundreds of individuals have rallied for Mr. Navalny every of the final two weekends in cities throughout Russia.
In anticipation of protests on Tuesday, riot cops in physique armor, camouflage and black helmets cordoned off the neighborhood surrounding the Moscow courthouse the place Mr. Navalny’s listening to was held.
Officers stood in entrance of entrances to the closest subway station, checking paperwork. Parking heaps across the station had been crammed with police vans carrying reinforcements. At the very least 237 individuals had been detained, the activist group OVD-Data reported.
Within the courtroom, Mr. Navalny — confined to a glass field for defendants, as is typical in Russia — smiled usually and maintained his humorousness. When the decide, Natalia Repnikova, requested him to introduce himself, he replied, “Your honor, you forgot to introduce your self.”
When Ms. Repnikova requested for his present tackle, he deadpanned: “Pre-trial Detention Facility No. 1.”
Throughout a break within the continuing, Mr. Navalny, in slacks and a darkish hoodie, paced forwards and backwards in his field. At one level he appeared up on the depiction of the French thinker Montesquieu and different luminaries on the grand courtroom’s wood-paneled wall.
The prosecution’s case for sending Mr. Navalny to jail relied closely on technicalities. A jail service official, Aleksandr Yermolin, learn in a gentle voice from a stack of papers detailing Mr. Navalny’s alleged parole violations. The prosecution mentioned the violations had begun earlier than Mr. Navalny’s poisoning final August.
At one level Mr. Yermolin cited on-line posts displaying that Mr. Navalny was shifting freely throughout Germany whereas not reporting for his parole final 12 months. At one other level, the prosecutor, Yekaterina Frolova, responded to an argument from Mr. Navalny’s legal professionals by taking challenge with the day of the week on which the defendant had contacted the parole authorities.
“Jan. 9 was a Thursday, which has nothing in any respect do to with a Monday,” the prosecutor mentioned.
Mr. Navalny and his legal professionals, in a prolonged back-and-forth with the prosecution, insisted that that they had correctly notified parole officers of his incapability to report in particular person due to his poisoning. Mr. Navalny famous that even Mr. Putin had publicly referred final 12 months to Mr. Navalny’s being in remedy in Germany.
“Say, expensive comrade captain, do you respect the president of Russia, Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin?” Mr. Navalny requested the jail official, Mr. Yermolin.
Poking on the glass in entrance of him, Mr. Navalny added: “On what grounds do you say you didn’t learn about my location?”
Mr. Navalny was confined to accommodate arrest for a lot of 2014 and served repeated jail phrases of a number of weeks at a time. Till now, although, he has by no means served a prolonged jail sentence.
Analysts say the Kremlin’s calculus has lengthy been that Mr. Navalny might be extra of a legal responsibility behind bars — as Russia’s most outstanding political prisoner — than strolling free as an often-controversial opposition activist.
That pondering seems to have modified because the Russian public’s frustration with Mr. Putin has elevated, together with Mr. Navalny’s prominence.
In August, Mr. Navalny was poisoned with the military-grade nerve agent Novichok, in what he and Western officers have described as a state assassination try. The Kremlin has denied involvement.
He was airlifted in a coma to Berlin, the place he recovered. He returned to Moscow final month, despite the fact that the Russian authorities made it clear that he would face years in jail.
He was jailed upon arrival, after which his group launched a report by Mr. Navalny that described a purported secret palace constructed for Mr. Putin. The report has been considered greater than 100 million instances on YouTube, energized the pro-Navalny protests and underscored the opposition chief’s potential to succeed in an enormous viewers on Russia’s principally free web.
However Mr. Putin appears poised to outlast the uproar over his remedy of Mr. Navalny. No indicators have emerged of assist for the protesters throughout the authorities, Parliament, huge enterprise or the safety companies, which all stay firmly in Mr. Putin’s grasp.
Fissions throughout the elite, nowhere to be seen at the very least on the floor in Russia, have been pivotal within the success of road actions in different former Soviet states.
The Kremlin on Tuesday once more sought to attenuate the importance of Mr. Navalny’s case, issuing a veiled warning to the European Union’s high overseas coverage official, Josep Borrell Fontelles, who plans to go to Moscow this week.
“We hope that there won’t be one thing as foolish as tying the way forward for Russian-European relations to the case of this pre-trial detention middle inhabitant,” the Kremlin spokesman Dmitri S. Peskov mentioned, in response to the Tass state information company.
Ivan Nechepurenko contributed reporting.