Brexit: What has occurred since 31 January?

Brexit: What has occurred since 31 January?

By Tom Edgington
BBC Information

Associated Matters

  • EU-UK post-Brexit commerce talks

Brexit alarm clock illustration

With the world gripped by the coronavirus pandemic it has been straightforward to lose monitor of what is taking place with Brexit. Huge modifications will occur from 1 January, however the UK and the EU are working out of time to agree the brand new guidelines.

Listed below are 9 important moments from this yr.

1. The UK leaves (31 January)

At 23:00 GMT on 31 January

the UK formally left the EU – practically 4 years after the general public vote befell.

Brexit supporters celebrated in London’s Parliament Sq., whereas Prime Minister Boris Johnson vowed to carry the nation collectively and “take us ahead”.

However the UK didn’t instantly reduce all of its EU ties. The UK went right into a transition interval that meant persevering with to observe EU guidelines till 31 December 2020.

The transition was to permit either side some respiratory house whereas additional UK-EU talks happen. The result of those negotiations will decide the foundations for the brand new UK-EU relationship – together with on commerce – which can begin on 1 January 2021.

2. UK-EU commerce talks begin (2 March)

The brand new negotiations obtained underway in Brussels on 2 March.

Main the talks for the UK was David Frost, who arrived with 100 advisers and authorities officers. On the reverse finish of the desk was Michel Barnier – the EU’s chief Brexit negotiator.

The largest challenge was a commerce deal – every part from lorries crossing borders to monetary providers guidelines. However there was loads of different stuff to debate – safety co-operation and drugs security being examples.

Either side say they need to keep away from tariffs, that are taxes on items that cross a border. However the UK desires to set all of its personal guidelines and the EU says it does not need modifications to the foundations that imply the UK has an unfair benefit.

3. EU says talks are ‘going backwards, greater than forwards’ (21 August)

With the coronavirus disaster taking centre stage, little progress was made with the commerce talks.

Two main sticking factors emerged:

  • Fishing: Either side disagreed on how a lot entry EU boats ought to need to UK waters.
  • State assist: Below present EU guidelines, nations are usually not allowed to present cash to avoid wasting failing corporations. The UK argued it ought to be allowed (now that it isn’t within the EU) to spend state assist cash on no matter it desires. Nonetheless, the EU mentioned the UK ought to observe the present guidelines in order that its companies wouldn’t acquire an unfair benefit over EU opponents.

Frustration was rising on either side and on 21 August Mr Barnier informed a press convention that the possibility of an EU-UK post-Brexit commerce deal “appears unlikely” whereas Lord Frost mentioned the EU had made issues “unnecessarily troublesome”.

4. UK says it isn’t scared to stroll away (6 September)

In an additional signal that talks had been in bother, Lord Frost informed the Mail on Sunday that the UK was not scared to stroll away and urged the EU to “take our place critically”.

If talks do fail then costs – often known as tariffs – can be utilized to most items which UK companies ship to the EU. That might make UK items dearer within the EU. Tariffs on EU items coming into the UK would even be launched.

Full border checks would even be wanted and companies have voiced their fears that this might trigger lengthy lorry queues at ports and result in important commerce disruption across the nation.

Either side need to proceed to commerce with zero tariffs and never herald too many further checks – however that may require a commerce deal. The UK additionally desires providers – every part from accountancy to schooling – included in any deal.

5. UK admits its Brexit modifications will ‘break worldwide regulation’ (8 September)

In September, the UK authorities proposed modifications that it acknowledged would break worldwide regulation in a “particular and restricted approach”.

The Brexit deal negotiated in 2019 – often known as the withdrawal settlement – established new checks on items travelling from Nice Britain and Northern Eire. This was to forestall checks from having to put alongside the Irish border after the transition ends.

media captionBrandon Lewis says Northern Eire customs guidelines laws do “break worldwide regulation in a really particular and restricted approach”

Nonetheless, the UK authorities mentioned it needed to make modifications to the previously-agreed association so as to carry readability and keep away from disruption from 1 January.

In response, the EU introduced it had began authorized proceedings in opposition to the UK. Regardless of this, the EU mentioned it could not stroll away from the commerce talks.

6. UK pronounces commerce cope with Japan (11 September)

A “historic second” was how Worldwide Commerce Secretary Liz Truss described the signing of the UK’s first main commerce deal because it left the EU.

Brexit supporters mentioned the Japan settlement confirmed that the UK might negotiate higher offers than the EU and that additional ones would observe.

Critics, nevertheless, mentioned it was extra essential to stay near the EU and that the Japan deal largely replicated the deal the EU already had.

7. Biden warns UK over Brexit modifications (16 September)

US presidential candidate Joe Biden mentioned he wouldn’t enable peace in Northern Eire to turn out to be a “casualty of Brexit”. Within the tweet despatched on 16 September, Mr Biden additionally mentioned there can be no future US-UK commerce deal if border checks returned.

8. New lorry permits introduced (23 September)

With no breakthrough within the commerce talks, the UK authorities unveiled how it could deal with a “cheap worst case state of affairs” the place queues of seven,000 vans might clog up roads across the port of Dover and Channel Tunnel from 1 January.

To keep away from this, the federal government mentioned it could introduce a brand new allow system for lorries getting into Kent. This may be to forestall lorries with out the proper paperwork from travelling into the county and making an attempt to ferry items to the EU.

9. Boris Johnson says commerce deal is ‘as much as the EU’ (2 October)

With lower than 100 days earlier than the brand new relationship was as a consequence of start, Mr Johnson mentioned {that a} deal was “all there” and that it was as much as the EU to get it throughout the road.

The EU mentioned whereas settlement had been reached in numerous technical areas, equivalent to aviation security, there have been nonetheless some severe variations to beat.

If a commerce deal does not occur then contingency measures, in areas like drugs security, might be launched. This may be to attempt to cushion a few of the worst disruption that would start on 1 January.

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