A medical check that may present if an individual has had the coronavirus and now has some immunity. The check detects antibodies within the blood, that are produced by the physique to struggle off the illness.
Somebody who has a illness however doesn’t have any of the signs it causes. Some research recommend some individuals with coronavirus carry the illness however do not present the frequent signs, equivalent to a persistent cough or excessive temperature.
The primary a part of the UK’s technique to take care of the coronavirus, which concerned attempting to establish contaminated individuals early and hint anybody who had been in shut contact with them.
Certainly one of a gaggle of viruses that may trigger extreme or gentle sickness in people and animals. The coronavirus at present sweeping the world causes the illness Covid-19. The frequent chilly and influenza (flu) are different sorts of coronaviruses.
The illness brought on by the coronavirus first detected in Wuhan, China, in late 2019. It primarily impacts the lungs.
The second a part of the UK’s technique to take care of the coronavirus, through which measures equivalent to social distancing are used to delay its unfold.
Fastened penalty discover
A positive designed to take care of an offence on the spot, as an alternative of in court docket. These are sometimes for driving offences, however now additionally cowl anti-social behaviour and breaches of the coronavirus lockdown.
Flatten the curve
Well being specialists use a line on a chart to point out numbers of recent coronavirus circumstances. If lots of people get the virus in a brief time period, the road would possibly rise sharply and look a bit like a mountain. Nevertheless, taking measures to scale back infections can unfold circumstances out over an extended interval and means the “curve” is flatter. This makes it simpler for well being methods to manage.
Brief for influenza, a virus that routinely causes illness in people and animals, in seasonal epidemics.
Helps corporations hit by coronavirus by quickly serving to pay the wages of some workers. It permits workers to stay on the payroll, though they don’t seem to be working.
How the unfold of a illness slows after a sufficiently massive proportion of a inhabitants has been uncovered to it.
An individual whose physique can stand up to or fend off a illness is claimed to be resistant to it. As soon as an individual has recovered from the illness brought on by the coronavirus, Covid-19, for instance, it’s thought they can’t catch it once more for a sure time period.
The time period between catching a illness and beginning to show signs.
Hospital wards which deal with sufferers who’re very unwell. They’re run by specially-trained healthcare workers and comprise specialist tools.
Restrictions on motion or each day life, the place public buildings are closed and folks informed to remain at house. Lockdowns have been imposed in a number of international locations as a part of drastic efforts to manage the unfold of the coronavirus.
The third a part of the UK’s technique to take care of the coronavirus, which can contain makes an attempt to minimize the influence of a excessive variety of circumstances on public companies. This might imply the NHS halting all non-critical care and police responding to main crimes and emergencies solely.
The NHS’s 24-hour cellphone and on-line service, which presents medical recommendation to anybody who wants it. Individuals in England and Wales are suggested to ring the service if they’re fearful about their signs. In Scotland, they need to test NHS inform, then ring their GP in workplace hours or 111 out of hours. In Northern Eire, they need to name their GP.
A number of circumstances of a illness occurring quickly, in a cluster or completely different places.
An epidemic of significant illness spreading quickly in lots of international locations concurrently.
That is when the UK will begin to raise a few of its lockdown guidelines whereas nonetheless attempting to scale back the unfold of coronavirus.
PPE, or private protecting tools, is clothes and equipment equivalent to masks, aprons, gloves and goggles utilized by medical workers, care staff and others to guard themselves towards an infection from coronavirus sufferers and different individuals who may be carrying the illness.
The isolation of individuals uncovered to a contagious illness to stop its unfold.
R0, pronounced “R-naught”, is the typical quantity of people that will catch the illness from a single contaminated individual. If the R0 of coronavirus in a selected inhabitants is 2, then on common every case will create two extra new circumstances. The worth subsequently provides a sign of how a lot the an infection might unfold.
This occurs when there’s a vital drop in earnings, jobs and gross sales in a rustic for 2 consecutive three-month durations.
Extreme acute respiratory syndrome, a sort of coronavirus that emerged in Asia in 2003.
Staying inside and avoiding all contact with different individuals, with the purpose of stopping the unfold of a illness.
Preserving away from different individuals, with the purpose of slowing down transmission of a illness. The federal government advises not seeing mates or family apart from these you reside with, working from house the place attainable and avoiding public transport.
State of emergency
Measures taken by a authorities to limit each day life whereas it offers with a disaster. This could contain closing faculties and workplaces, proscribing the motion of individuals and even deploying the armed forces to assist the common emergency companies.
These can be utilized by authorities ministers to implement new legal guidelines or rules, or change current legal guidelines. They’re a neater different to passing a full Act of Parliament.
Any signal of illness, triggered by the physique’s immune system because it makes an attempt to struggle off the an infection. The principle signs of the coronavirus are a fever, dry cough and shortness of breath.
A therapy that causes the physique to supply antibodies, which struggle off a illness, and offers immunity towards additional an infection.
A machine that takes over respiration for the physique when illness has induced the lungs to fail.
A tiny agent that copies itself contained in the residing cells of any organism. Viruses may cause these cells to die and interrupt the physique’s regular chemical processes, inflicting illness.