INSIGHT-In Saddam strongholds that fought America, Iraqis worry a U.S. departure

INSIGHT-In Saddam strongholds that fought America, Iraqis worry a U.S. departure

By John Davison, Ahmed and Rasheed

FALLUJAH, Iraq, Feb 5 (Reuters) – Abu Arkan Ibrahim picked up a rifle and joined the Iraqi insurgency towards U.S. troops once they occupied his hometown of Fallujah in 2003. He was badly burned within the preventing. Now, he fears the departure of the Individuals he as soon as battled.

Over the previous 17 years, the municipal worker has watched his metropolis fall to america, al Qaeda, Islamic State and, most not too long ago, Iraqi forces preventing alongside Iran-backed paramilitaries. Ibrahim mentioned the presence of U.S. troops in recent times helped suppress remaining Islamic State militants and rein within the Iran-backed militias – mutual foes accused by Iraqi officers of attacking locals. The U.S. troop drawdown is making a safety vacuum, Ibrahim mentioned, making Fallujah extra harmful.

“I’d somewhat have the Individuals right here than the options,” the 37-year outdated mentioned.

Ibrahim’s evaluation is shared by many safety officers, former fighters and residents in north and west areas of the nation that comprise as much as a 3rd of Iraqi territory, former rebel strongholds as soon as loyal to Sunni dictator Saddam Hussein.

They are saying Islamic State and the Iran-backed paramilitaries stand to achieve most from Washington’s troop discount. They level to a rise in assaults by Islamic State, and worry the Iran-backed militias will use this violence to justify entrenching themselves.

Final month, america accomplished a discount of its forces in Iraq to 2,500 troops. That’s about half the extent of lower than a 12 months in the past.

Latest months have witnessed greater than 25 lethal assaults that Iraqi officers attribute to Islamic State militants. Final month, the group staged its largest assault in years with a suicide bombing within the capital Baghdad that killed greater than 30 individuals.

The U.S. embassy in Baghdad declined to remark.

The U.S.-led army coalition of 80 nations battling Islamic State in Iraq mentioned it carried out 10 strikes towards militant targets in Iraq in December alone.

A coalition official mentioned there have been no plans to reverse the drawdown and mentioned Iraqi forces have been able to dealing with the continuing Islamic State insurgency with present ranges of coalition help.

Washington’s contingent is the biggest within the coalition pressure, which incorporates 900 troops from different nations. Nonetheless, the U.S. presence in Iraq is tiny in comparison with the 170,000 troops it stationed within the nation after its invasion.

Elements of Iraq’s 300,000-strong army function throughout the nation’s western and northern areas. The paramilitaries quantity at the very least 100,000, with a good portion within the north and west. Safety officers and analysts estimate there are literally thousands of Islamic State fighters.

One U.S. official acknowledged the withdrawal over the previous 12 months has decreased American army capabilities in Iraq however pressured that U.S. help has continued. “We’re nonetheless working onerous to allow and help our Iraqi companions,” mentioned the official, including the Iraqis have been already working extra independently.

The official conceded Islamic State stays a decided enemy. “So it’s not a cold future,” the official mentioned.

The administration of President Joe Biden has given no indication it intends to considerably reverse the drawdown began underneath predecessor Donald Trump. The Pentagon mentioned the Biden administration is conducting a evaluate of numbers and place of troops, together with in Iraq.

An Iraqi authorities spokesman mentioned the drawdown hasn’t affected its skill to include Islamic State. “There may be ongoing coordination” with the U.S. forces that stay, he mentioned.

Most Iraqis oppose international affect. Some welcome the U.S. withdrawal. However many, particularly in Sunni areas, say they’d select a small American army presence over elevated energy for the pro-Iran militias.

Paramilitaries aligned with Iran say the Islamic State insurgency towards the Iraqi army requires them to remain within the Sunni-majority areas to struggle the militants. They vow to drive international forces out of Iraq if Biden doesn’t decide to a full withdrawal. The Iran-aligned paramilitaries deny involvement in any assaults or human-rights abuses.

Islamic State fighters managed practically a 3rd of Iraq between 2014 and 2017. They now occupy distant desert areas and mountain ranges. They often declare assaults that kill troopers and Shi’ite militiamen in Iraq.


Fallujah and different main cities in Sunni areas as soon as held by Islamic State have begun to revive. Newly paved major roads run previous busy outlets and eating places. However outdoors city centres, buildings flattened in battle stay in ruins. Hundreds of displaced households haven’t but returned.

Accompanied by his younger son, Ibrahim spoke at a crowded Fallujah intersection that in October noticed town’s first motorbike bomb in two years. Iraqi officers blamed Islamic State. There was no declare or denial of duty from the group.

“In latest months, we’ve seen extra Daesh assaults throughout all these areas,” mentioned Salah al-Essawi, a Sunni paramilitary commander within the space, utilizing another time period for Islamic State. The assaults embrace an assault that killed two safety personnel after the Fallujah bombing in October. Essawi and different Iraqi safety officers attribute the killings to Islamic State, which hasn’t commented.

Some Iraqi army officers say the rise in violence is due largely to the decreased American presence.

An Iraqi military officer who works with the U.S.-led coalition cited an instance of the Iraqi army’s reliance on America: a latest airstrike that killed a prime Islamic State chief. It was a joint U.S.-Iraqi effort, he mentioned.

“Our troops have been pursuing him, however would have struggled to search out the place he was hiding if not for the U.S. air help,” the officer mentioned. He mentioned the coalition carries out fewer air strikes towards Islamic State targets than it used to.

The coalition official mentioned U.S.-led forces supplied air help to Iraqi particular forces for that operation. The Iraqi authorities spokesman mentioned the operation was led by Iraqi forces.


Shi’ite paramilitaries say that as Islamic State intensifies its insurgency, Iraqi forces want their assist. The Iran-aligned teams are a part of a Baghdad-run paramilitary umbrella that works alongside Iraqi safety forces to police distant former Islamic State areas.

“Many threats nonetheless exist and the responsibility of the factions is to cope with Daesh or every other international menace,” Nasr al-Shammari, a senior official within the Harakat al-Nujaba paramilitary, instructed Reuters weeks earlier than Biden’s inauguration.

Shammari desires america out, saying the presence of its troops fuels instability. Iraqis who need U.S. forces to remain are a politically-motivated minority, he mentioned.

Many residents of Fallujah and close by cities worry being caught up in reprisals for the rising Islamic State assaults – each from Iraqi safety forces and much more so from Shi’ite paramilitaries.

Ibrahim mentioned he has been detained by each through the years on suspicion of hyperlinks with al Qaeda and Islamic State, which he denies.

Essawi, the Sunni paramilitary chief, mentioned the Shi’ite militias have been emboldened by discuss of the U.S. drawdown. The Iran-aligned forces, Essawi mentioned, have put their flags again up at some checkpoints that they had deliberate to desert.

“We hope Biden gained’t go away us of their palms,” he mentioned. (John Davison and Ahmed Rasheed reporting from Fallujah, Iraq Further reporting by Phil Stewart in Washington, DC and Kamal Ayash, Jamal Badrani and Ghazwan Hassan in Iraq.)

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