Myanmar’s navy seized energy on Monday after detaining chief Aung San Suu Kyi and different senior figures within the ruling Nationwide League for Democracy (NLD) in a sequence of early morning raids.
The folks of the Southeast Asian nation aren’t any strangers to navy rule.
The nation was managed by the armed forces till they started to cede energy somewhat greater than 10 years in the past.
“The navy has all the time operated in an opaque means,” stated Al Jazeera’s Florence Looi, who has reported extensively from Myanmar. “It has in some ways thought-about itself above the regulation.”
Here’s a timeline:
Aung San, who fought towards the Japanese and led the nation to independence from Britain, is assassinated. Aung San Suu Kyi, is his solely daughter and youngest baby.
Myanmar achieves formal independence beneath President U Nu.
The navy beneath Common Ne Win takes energy in a coup. All opposition events are banned, and the navy takes management of all companies and industries. Its financial insurance policies and deliberate isolation of the nation result in financial stagnation and break.
Professional-democracy protests in August are met with a brutal navy crackdown and as many as 5,000 individuals are killed, based on civil society teams. In September, Aung San Suu Kyi founds the Nationwide League for Democracy (NLD).
Below worldwide stress the navy calls an election, which the NLD wins by a landslide. The navy refuses to recognise the outcomes or hand over energy and Aung San Suu Kyi is arrested and positioned in home arrest.
In July, Aung San Suu Kyi launched from home arrest.
Myanmar joins the Affiliation of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).
Aung San Suu Kyi detained once more as Europe tightens sanctions on Myanmar.
Aung San Suu Kyi launched once more and allowed to journey across the nation.
Aung San Suu Kyi is arrested once more – supposedly for her personal safety – after an assault on her convoy.
Greater than 70 of her supporters have been overwhelmed to dying within the Might assault by the Union Solidarity and Improvement Affiliation (USDA), a political militia backed by the navy, based on the Burma Marketing campaign UK. The USDA was later reworked into the Union Solidarity and Improvement Occasion (USDP), the navy’s proxy social gathering in parliament.
The navy proclaims it has moved the capital to Naypyidaw, a brand new metropolis it had inbuilt secret halfway between Yangon and Mandalay.
Hundreds take to the streets of Yangon in protests led by Buddhist monks, after the navy authorities removes gas subsidies. Dozens are killed within the subsequent navy crackdown.
The method of democratisation begins with a controversial constitutional referendum that passed off solely two days after Cyclone Nargis swept throughout the Irrawaddy Delta leaving tens of 1000’s useless.
The USDP wins elections which might be boycotted by the NLD. Aung San Suu Kyi is free of home arrest in November.
Combating between Buddhists and Muslims in western Rakhine State leaves lots of useless and tens of 1000’s of Rohingya displaced.
The NLD wins a normal election by a landslide and Suu Kyi turns into chief in a specifically created function of state counsellor.
Unrest flares once more in Rakhine after Rohingya fighters assault three police border posts, killing 9 law enforcement officials. A navy crackdown prompts tens of 1000’s to depart for neighbouring Bangladesh but additionally to Malaysia and Indonesia.
A brutal navy crackdown in Rakhine drives greater than 730,000 Rohingya into Bangladesh. The United Nations says the marketing campaign of mass killing, rape, and arson was carried out with “genocidal intent”, which Myanmar denies. Suu Kyi later defends Myanmar towards genocide costs introduced on the Hague.
Combating begins in Rakhine between authorities troops and the Arakan Military (AA), an ethnic Rakhine group searching for better regional autonomy. Suu Kyi urges the military to “crush” the rebels.
The NLD claims a convincing victory in parliamentary elections taking extra votes than it did in 2015.
The USDP calls for a rerun of the election and requires navy assist to make sure equity, alleging irregularities.
January 26: Military navy spokesman Brigadier Common Zaw Min Tun warns the armed forces will “take motion” if the election dispute isn’t settled and declines to rule out staging a coup, asking the election fee to research voter lists it stated contained discrepancies.
January 28: The election fee rejects allegations of vote fraud, saying there have been no errors giant sufficient to have an effect on the credibility of the vote.
January 30: Myanmar’s navy says it should defend and abide by the structure and act based on the regulation.
February 1: The navy imposes a state of emergency and says energy has been transferred to navy chief Min Aung Hlaing, after Aung San Suu Kyi and different senior authorities officers have been arrested in a sequence of early morning raids.